Practice Relating to Rule 73. Biological Weapons
Under Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), the manufacture, improvement, production, stockpiling, offering for sale, purchase, interceding in purchasing or selling, possession, transfer, transport, use of, and order to use, biological weapons are war crimes.
Croatia’s Criminal Code (1997), as amended to 2006, imposes a criminal sanction on:
(1) Whoever makes or improves, produces, stores, offers for sale or buys, or intercedes in a purchase or sale, possesses, transfers, or transports … biological weapons …
(2) Whoever, in time of war or armed conflict, orders the use of … biological weapons.
At the Fifth Review Conference of States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention in 2001, Croatia asked for the “immediate re-commencement of the work of the Ad Hoc Group, in whatever form delegations see fit”.