Practice Relating to Rule 37. Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
The Hellenic Navy’s International Law Manual (1995) provides:
1. … [T]he provisions of the otherwise obsolete IX Hague Convention concerning the respect and protection of the victims of armed conflict should be considered as bearing a perpetual binding effect.
2. To the above effect, the significance of the codified text of IX Hague Convention is great and the following provisions should be applied by the belligerents:
a. The prohibition of bombardment of undefended ports, towns, villages, dwellings or buildings (art.1).