Practice Relating to Rule 83. Removal or Neutralization of Landmines
According to France’s LOAC Teaching Note (2000), employing landmines (except anti-personnel mines) is allowed on the condition that their exact location is recorded. It further provides: “At the end of hostilities the mine fields have to be indicated and as far as possible neutralized.”
France’s LOAC Manual (2001) states that employing landmines (except anti-personnel mines) is allowed on the condition that their exact location is recorded. It further states: “At the end of hostilities the mine fields have to be indicated and as far as possible neutralized.”
France’s Code of Defence (2004), as amended in 2009, states: “The National Commission for the Elimination of Antipersonnel Mines ensures … international action from France regarding assistance … in the removal of [antipersonnel] mines.”
Upon acceptance of the 1996 Amended Protocol II to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons, France stated:
France takes it that article 4 and the Technical Annex to amended Protocol II do not require the removal or replacement of mines that have already been laid …
The provisions of amended Protocol II such as those concerning the marking, monitoring and protection of zones which contain anti-personnel mines and are under the control of a party, are applicable to all zones containing mines, irrespective of the date on which those mines were laid.
In 2009, the Minister of Foreign and European Affairs of France stated:
France attaches the highest importance to action against mines … Under … the fight against … antipersonnel mines … , in particular the economic contribution to the clearance of affected zones … , our country will continue to meet its commitments … [France engages in] training in humanitarian demining and destruction of munitions … France voluntarily contributes to several UN peacekeeping operations … which engage … in humanitarian demining operations. Also, demining actions are carried out in the context of military external operations carried out by the French army.