Practice Relating to Rule 92. Mutilation and Medical, Scientific or Biological Experiments
Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957) provides that carrying out biological experiments is a war crime against the civilian population.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 270.- War Crimes against the Civilian Population.
Whoever, in time of war, armed conflict or occupation organizes, orders or engages in, against the civilian population and in violation of the rules of public international law and of international humanitarian conventions:
(a) … biological experiments …
is punishable with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death.
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.