Practice Relating to Rule 52. Pillage
Under Ethiopia’s Penal Code (1957), it is a punishable offence to organize, order or engage in “looting, … pillage, economic spoliation or the unlawful destruction or removal of property on pretext of military necessity”.
Ethiopia’s Criminal Code (2004) states:
Article 273.- Pillage, Piracy and Looting.
Whoever organizes, orders or engages in looting [or] pillage, economic spoliation or the unlawful destruction or removal of property on the pretext of military necessity,
is punishable in accordance with Article 270 [i.e., with rigorous imprisonment from five years to twenty-five years, or, in more serious cases, with life imprisonment or death].
The Criminal Code of 2004 repealed Ethiopia’s Penal Code of 1957.