Practice Relating to Rule 111. Protection of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked against Pillage and Ill-Treatment
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “‘As far as military considerations allow’, each party to the conflict should facilitate the steps taken to search for the dead and the wounded and protect them against pillage and ill-treatment.”
Under Spain’s Military Criminal Code (1985), the despoliation of wounded, sick or shipwrecked persons and appropriation of their personal belongings in a combat area is an offence against the laws and customs of war.
Spain’s Penal Code (1995) provides for the punishment of anyone who during an armed conflict despoils the wounded, sick or shipwrecked and appropriates their personal belongings.
Spain’s Royal Ordinances for the Armed Forces (2009) states: “Whenever circumstances for the accomplishment of the mission and the security of the unit permit, [members of the armed forces] must take, without delay, all possible measures to … protect … [the wounded, sick and shipwrecked] against pillage and ill-treatment”.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (1996) refers to Article 17 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I.
Spain’s LOAC Manual (2007) states: “Civilians are … bound to refrain from acts of violence against the wounded, sick and shipwrecked of the adverse party.”