Practice Relating to Rule 158. Prosecution of War Crimes
Cameroon’s Disciplinary Regulations (1975) provides that violators of IHL are “war criminals who may be brought before military tribunals”.
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (1992) states: “Any act contrary to respect for the Law of War must be sanctioned.”
Cameroon’s Instructor’s Manual (2006) states:
The States Parties to the Geneva Conventions must incorporate in their domestic legislation (military justice codes or penal codes) the acts constituting grave breaches [of IHL]. The persons accused of committing these acts must be prosecuted by their States.
Cameroon’s Disciplinary Regulations (2007) states:
Article 35. Responsibility and instruction
Within the framework of the rules of this chapter, the soldiers of the Cameroonian Defence Forces must make themselves thoroughly familiar with their responsibility as regards respect for international humanitarian law and the law of armed conflicts: the violation of these rules makes them war criminals who may be brought before national military courts or international criminal courts.