Practice Relating to Rule 65. Perfidy
Section G. Simulation of protected status by using the United Nations emblem or uniform
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders):
It is prohibited to kill, injure or capture an adversary by resort to perfidy. …
Here are some examples of perfidy; if an act of hostility is made by feigning:
d. protected status by the use of signs, emblems or uniforms of the United Nations or of neutral or other States not Parties to the conflict.
Côte d’Ivoire’s Penal Code (1981), as amended in 2015, states:
Whoever commits a war crime is punished with life imprisonment.
War crimes are:
2 - other serious violations of the laws and customs applicable in international armed conflict, within the established framework of international law, namely, any of the following acts:
- making improper use … of the flag or of the military insignia and uniform … of the United Nations … , resulting in death or serious personal injury[.]