Practice Relating to Rule 24. Removal of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Vicinity of Military Objectives
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers):
IV.2.1. Obligations in the planning of defensive actions
… [P]ersons participating in the preparation or conduct of defensive operations must take into account the following demands defined by the law of armed conflict.
So far as possible, civilians must be removed from military objectives. The military shall warn the civilian population in advance and help in their evacuation. If possible, civilians shall be taken to places they know and which are not dangerous to them. Cooperation between civilian and military authorities may be necessary to provide food, methods of transport, or even accommodation for these civilians. Whenever it is possible, children should be evacuated with the families.
IV.3.2. The civilian population staying
The civilian population can choose to stay in a town under siege. In this case, the defenders have considerable responsibilities as regards protection. They must ensure that the civilian population is removed from the vicinity of military objectives and is not used as a human shield.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides:
In order to protect civilians, the Parties to the conflict shall, to the maximum extent feasible:
- endeavour to remove the civilian population, individual civilians and civilian objects under their control from legitimate objectives.