Practice Relating to Rule 131. Treatment of Displaced Persons
Section A. Provision of basic necessities
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers):
IV.3.3. Total or partial evacuation of the civilian population
With respect to evacuations, additional limitations apply in occupied territory. …
The occupying power which undertakes these transfers or evacuations must ensure, to the greatest practicable extent, that the protected persons are offered suitable accommodation, [and] that the evacuations are effected in appropriate conditions of hygiene, health, … and nutrition.
In 2009, in its report to the UN Human Rights Council, Côte d’Ivoire stated: “[T]he political and military crises faced by Côte d’Ivoire since 1999, exacerbated by the war which broke out in September 2002, have had many grave consequences in the political, economic and social spheres.”
Côte d’Ivoire also stated:
133. The successive political and military crises … have resulted in massive and repeated waves of population displacement. According to the available estimates, the number of those affected is between 750,000 and 1 million.
134. To bring the necessary assistance to these people in the difficult situation they find themselves in, a Government ministry for solidarity and war victims has been created.