Practice Relating to Rule 10. Civilian Objects’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Section B. Situations of doubt as to the character of an object
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 1 (Instruction of first-year trainee officers):
III.1. Civilian objects
By civilian objects, one means all objects which are not military objectives. …
In all cases, the essential question is to know what use is being made of the object in question. In case of doubt, each object, until the contrary is proven, must be regarded as a civilian object.
In Book IV (Instruction of heads of division and company commanders), the Teaching Manual provides: “In case of doubt, an object which is normally designated to civilian purposes keeps its civilian character.”