Practice Relating to Rule 103. Collective Punishments
Côte d’Ivoire’s Teaching Manual (2007) provides in Book III, Volume 2 (Instruction of second-year trainee officers):
I.1. Protection of the civilian population
Geneva Convention IV prohibits using the civilian population as a shield … Furthermore, “collective penalties and likewise all measures of intimidation or of terrorism” towards the civilian population are prohibited.
Under Côte d’Ivoire’s Penal Code (1981), as amended in 1998, in times of war or occupation, organizing, ordering or imposing collective punishments on the civilian population constitutes a “crime against the civilian population”.