Règle correspondante
Switzerland
Practice Relating to Rule 99. Deprivation of Liberty
Section B. Deprivation of liberty in accordance with legal procedures
Switzerland’s Criminal Procedure Code (2007), as amended to 2012, which regulates the prosecution and adjudication by the federal and cantonal criminal justice authorities of offences under federal law, including war crimes, states:
Art. 196 Definition
Compulsory measures are procedural acts carried out by the criminal justice authorities that restrict the fundamental rights of the persons concerned …
Art. 197 Principles
1. Compulsory measures may be taken only if:
a. they are permitted by law;
2. Particular caution must be taken when carrying out compulsory measures that restrict the fundamental rights of persons not accused of an offence. 
Switzerland, Criminal Procedure Code, 2007, as amended to 2012, Articles 196 and 197(1)(a) and (2).
The Code further states: “An accused person … may be subjected to compulsory measures involving deprivation of liberty only in accordance with the provisions of this Code.” 
Switzerland, Criminal Procedure Code, 2007, as amended to 2012, Article 212(1).