Practice Relating to Rule 153. Command Responsibility for Failure to Prevent, Punish or Report War Crimes
Azerbaijan’s Criminal Code (1999), in a provision entitled “Negligence or giving criminal orders in time of armed conflict”, states:
Failure to use in time of armed conflict all the opportunities by the commander or the person in charge in the framework of their responsibilities in order to prevent that persons under their command commit crimes considered in articles 115–116 of the present Code [i.e. “violations of [the] laws and customs of war” and “violations of the norms of international humanitarian law in time of armed conflict”] … will be punished.