Yugoslavia, Socialist Federal Republic of
Practice Relating to Rule 129. The Act of Displacement
Section A. Forced displacement
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia’s Penal Code (1976), as amended in 2001, provides, under the heading “War crimes against civilian population”:
Any person who orders, in violation of the rules of international law during a war, an armed conflict or occupation, … unlawful transfer of people to concentration camps [of the civilian population] … shall be punished.
Under the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia’s Criminal Offences against the Nation and State Act (1945), “forced deportation or removal to concentration camps, or interning, or of forced labour of the population of Yugoslavia” is a war crime.