Practice Relating to Rule 92. Mutilation and Medical, Scientific or Biological Experiments
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1969) stipulates that prisoners of war “cannot be subjected to physical mutilation and to medical and scientific experiments of any kind not justified by medical treatment”.
The manual adds: “It is especially prohibited to subject [the wounded and sick] … to biological experiments.” The prohibition also applies to civilians.
Argentina’s Law of War Manual (1989) provides that it is prohibited to subject the wounded and sick to medical procedures not indicated by their state of health.
This prohibition extends to mutilation or scientific experiments on prisoners of war and civilians in occupied territories.
The manual categorizes such acts as a grave breach of the 1949 Geneva Conventions.