Practice Relating to Rule 137. Participation of Child Soldiers in Hostilities
In 2009, in its initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Afghanistan stated:
Children and armed conflict
272. Afghanistan ratified the  Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict in 2003. In 2007 Afghanistan, together with 58 other states, endorsed the Paris Commitments to protect children from unlawful … use by armed forces or armed groups and the Paris Principles and guidelines on children associated with armed forces or armed groups.
273. It is increasingly reported that children are being targeted for use by armed groups, including the Taliban, as combatants, porters of munitions, informants, and in some cases as carriers of improvised explosive devices.
359. Despite the achievements, many serious challenges still lie ahead on the path of ensuring and institutionalizing child rights such as: … victimization of children during the armed conflict; … lack of regulations on … [the] use of children in armed conflicts; espionage; and transportation of ammunitions by children for armed groups, particularly Taliban[,] which requires appropriate measures by the Government, in direct cooperation with the international community, in the area of adopting new laws and policies and amending existing laws that are inconsistent with the human rights values, as enshrined in the Convention.