Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Section B. Presence of combatants among the civilian population
The Military Manual (1992) of the Netherlands contains a rule identical to Article 50(3) of the 1977 Additional Protocol I.
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states: “The presence within the civilian population of individuals who do not come within the definition of civilians does not deprive the population of its civilian character.”