Practice Relating to Rule 24. Removal of Civilians and Civilian Objects from the Vicinity of Military Objectives
Japan’s Civil Protection Law (2004) states:
1. If the Commissioner for Cultural Affairs deems that it is especially necessary to protect important cultural properties … important tangible folk cultural properties … or historic sites, places of scenic beauty and natural monuments … from destruction, damage, or other harm caused by armed attack disaster, the Commissioner may order or recommend owners, management representatives … or local governments or corporations managing important cultural properties … to change the locations or method of management of the important cultural properties etc. and take other necessary measures to protect them.
4. … [I]f owners etc. of national treasures … or special historic sites, places of scenic beauty and natural monuments … do not comply with the order, or the Commissioner for Cultural Affairs deems that it is not appropriate to have the owners etc. implement measures to protect national treasures or special historic sites, places of scenic beauty and natural monuments from destruction, damage or other harm, the Commissioner may implement necessary measures by himself/herself.