Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 88. Non-Discrimination
Section E. Apartheid
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
1.2.11. “Apartheid” means policy and practice of racial discrimination of certain peoples or ethnic groups.
1.8.5. Serious violations of international humanitarian law directed against people include:
- inhuman treatment accompanied by degrading human dignity, including the practice of apartheid. 
Ukraine, Manual on the Application of IHL Rules, Ministry of Defence, 11 September 2004, §§ 1.2.11 and 1.8.5.