Practice Relating to Rule 159. Amnesty
Section A. Amnesty for participation in non-international armed conflicts
The Military Manual (2005) of the Netherlands states:
A noteworthy provision of AP II [1977 Additional Protocol II] relates to the widest possible amnesty at the end of hostilities for those who participated in the [non-international] armed conflict or who were deprived of their freedom for reasons relating to the armed conflict. The rationale behind this requirement is that peaceful conditions must be restored, and it is desirable to draw a line under the conflict. It must be possible to live together again and build a healthy and stable society. Reconciliation among the participants concerned is very important. Hence an amnesty is granted. A general amnesty may likewise promote this process of reconstruction and prevent the growth of retaliation sentiments.