Practice Relating to Rule 143. Dissemination of International Humanitarian Law among the Civilian Population
Nigeria’s Military Manual (1994) incorporates the content of Article 47 of the 1949 Geneva Convention I and adds:
Dissemination simply means that in the law of armed conflict, the obligation is that States make the principles of the law known to … the civilian population by … encouraging the civilian population to study them.
The manual further states:
The dissemination of the conventions and the protocols therefore must be as orderly as possible in the respective countries and in particular to encourage the study thereof by the civilian population. The purpose therefore is that any … civilian authorities, who in time of armed conflict, assume responsibilities in respect of the application of the [1949 Geneva] conventions and the [1977 Additional] protocols, shall be fully acquainted with the text thereof.