Practice Relating to Rule 158. Prosecution of War Crimes
Niger’s Penal Code (1961), as amended in 2003, under a chapter entitled “Crimes against humanity and war crimes”, provides for the punishment of a list of offences such as genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes defined as serious offences against the persons and objects protected under the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the 1977 Additional Protocols I and II.
At the African Parliamentary Conference on International Humanitarian Law for the Protection of Civilians during Armed Conflict in 2002, the President of the National Assembly of Niger committed the National Assembly and the deputies of Niger:
1) To make approaches to the government in order that Niger:
a) becomes a party to the following treaties in 2002: the Statute of the International Criminal Court (1998);
2) To ensure that legislative measures required by International Humanitarian Law be adopted … in particular for punishment of violations of International Humanitarian Law treaties and of protection of the emblem of the Red Cross and the Red Crescent.