Practice Relating to Rule 142. Instruction in International Humanitarian Law within Armed Forces
Section B. Obligation of commanders to instruct the armed forces under their command
In its judgment in Physicians for Human Rights v. Commander of the IDF Forces in the West Bank in 2002, Israel’s High Court of Justice stated:
The IDF [Israel Defense Forces] shall once again instruct the combat forces, down to the level of the lone soldier in the field, of this commitment by our forces based on law and morality – and, according to the state, even on utilitarian considerations – through concrete instructions which will prevent, to the extent possible, and even in severe situations, incidents which are inconsistent with the rules of humanitarian law.
An Order of the Israeli Chief of Staff requires that “all operational directive or order which precedes action by the soldiers has to include a directive requiring that the provisions of the Conventions be taught to the soldiers”. The Order refers to the 1949 Geneva Conventions and the 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property.