Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 37. Open Towns and Non-Defended Localities
Section B. Establishment of non-defended localities
France’s LOAC Manual (2001) is guided by Article 59 of the 1977 Additional Protocol I as regards the conditions that must be fulfilled in order for an area to be declared a non-defended locality. 
France, Manuel de droit des conflits armés, Ministère de la Défense, Direction des Affaires Juridiques, Sous-Direction du droit international humanitaire et du droit européen, Bureau du droit des conflits armés, 2001, p. 31.