Practice Relating to Rule 100. Fair Trial Guarantees
Section B. Trial by an independent, impartial and regularly constituted court
France’s Penal Code (1992), as amended in 2010, states in its section on war crimes related to international armed conflict:
Hindering the right of a person protected by the international law of armed conflict to be regularly and impartially tried, in accordance with the provisions of the applicable international conventions, is punishable by 20 years’ imprisonment.
In its section on war crimes related to non-international armed conflict, the Penal Code states:
Passing sentences and carrying out executions without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all judicial guaranties provided for under the 1949 Geneva Conventions and their  Additional Protocols is punishable by 20 years’ imprisonment.