Practice Relating to Rule 88. Non-Discrimination
Germany’s Military Manual (1992) provides that, in case of occupation, “any discrimination for reasons of race, nationality, language, religious convictions and practices, political opinion, social origin or position or similar considerations is unlawful”.
Germany’s Military Manual (1992) states that in conflicts at sea, “hospital ships shall afford assistance to all wounded, sick and shipwrecked without distinction of nationality”.
Germany’s Soldiers’ Manual (2006) states:
The wounded, sick and shipwrecked shall be respected and protected in all circumstances … They shall be treated humanely and cared for …
There shall be no distinction among them other than on medical grounds.
Germany’s Soldiers’ Manual (1991) recalls the prohibition of any distinction based on race, nationality, religion or political opinions in the treatment of captured combatants.
Germany’s Soldiers’ Manual (2006) states under the heading “Protection of prisoners of war”: “Distinctions based on race, nationality, religion or political reasons are impermissible.”
Germany’s Military Manual (1992) provides that, with regard to the treatment of prisoners of war, one of the fundamental rules is the unlawfulness of any discrimination on the grounds of race, nationality, religious belief or political opinions or similar criteria.
Germany’s Military Manual (1992) provides that “practices of apartheid and other inhuman and degrading practices based on racial discrimination” are a grave breach of IHL.