Related Rule
Colombia
Practice Relating to Rule 29. Medical Transports
Section A. Respect for and protection of medical transports
Colombia’s Circular on Fundamental Rules of IHL (1992) states that the protection due to the wounded and sick “also covers, as such, … medical transports”. 
Colombia, Transcripción Normas Fundamentales del Derecho Humanitario Aplicables en los Conflictos Armados, Circular No. 033/DIPL-SERPO-526, Policía Nacional, Dirección General, Santafé de Bogotá, 14 May 1992, § 3.
Colombia’s Basic Military Manual (1995) states that “attacks, misappropriation and destruction” of medical transports constitutes a “grave breach”. 
Colombia, Derecho Internacional Humanitario – Manual Básico para las Personerías y las Fuerzas Armadas de Colombia, Ministerio de Defensa Nacional, 1995, p. 26, § 4.
Colombia’s Emblem Decree (1998) provides: “All Colombian authorities and persons must protect … transports of medicine, food and humanitarian aid in situations of armed conflict or natural disaster.” 
Colombia, Emblem Decree, 1998, Article 10.
In 2007, in the Constitutional Case No. C-291/07, the Plenary Chamber of Colombia’s Constitutional Court stated that the obligation in the 1977 Additional Protocol II to protect medical transport “has attained customary status, mainly due to its impact on State practice and on conflicts in the last decades”. 
Colombia, Constitutional Court, Constitutional Case No. C-291/07, Judgment of 25 April 2007, p. 69.
In 2008, in its fourth periodic report to the Committee against Torture, Colombia stated:
136. In the period 2002–2006, on the basis of discussion with civil society organizations represented by health sector associations, governmental organizations and some representatives of the academic community, the principles of protection and respect for the medical profession have been incorporated into public policies on human rights and IHL.
139. In the area of reducing the effects of the violence exercised by organized paramilitary armed groups on health workers, facilities and means of transport, the State, civil society and health sector jointly face a number of challenges, including the following: [e]nsuring that the armed groups meet IHL standards; training health workers in the rules and principles which protect medical work; and encouraging an attitude of rejection towards offences committed against the medical profession. 
Colombia, Fourth periodic report to the Committee against Torture, 21 February 2008, UN Doc. CAT/C/COL/4, submitted on 21 January 2008, §§ 136 and 139.