Democratic Republic of the Congo
Practice Relating to Rule 5. Definition of Civilians
In 2009, in the Basele Lutula and others case, the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Military Garrison Court of Kisangani convicted Mai-Mai militia members of various crimes. When analysing the crime against humanity of rape, the Court stated:
[P]opulation is understood as all the inhabitants of a given geographic area;
… [A]ccording to Le Robert micro dictionary, the term “civilian” refers to everything that is not military;
… [T]he term “civilian population” must be interpreted broadly.