Practice Relating to Rule 38. Attacks against Cultural Property
Zimbabwe’s Code of Conduct for Combatants (1993), under the heading “Distinctive signs”, shows an image of a building with a blue shield and states: “Leave these buildings, establishments, monuments untouched”.
Zimbabwe’s Geneva Conventions Act (1981), as amended in 1996, punishes “any person, whatever his nationality, who, whether in or outside Zimbabwe, commits any such grave breach of … [the 1977 Additional Protocol I]”.
According to the Report on the Practice of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe believes that “an armed conflict should not be allowed to destroy the people’s heritage”.