Related Rule
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 97. Human Shields
South Africa’s ICC Act (2002) reproduces the war crimes listed in the 1998 ICC Statute, including in international armed conflicts: “utilizing the presence of a civilian or other protected person to render certain points, areas or military forces immune from military operations”. 
South Africa, ICC Act, 2002, Schedule 1, Part 3, § (b)(xxiii).