Related Rule
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 88. Non-Discrimination
Section B. Civilians
South Africa’s LOAC Teaching Manual (2008) states:
2.4 Specifically Protected Persons and Objects:
a. Civilians
[1949] Geneva Convention IV article 27 provides for general protective provisions. … Geneva Convention IV article 27 also provides for specific protective provisions, to wit:
- All protected persons shall be treated with the same consideration by the Party to a conflict in whose power they are, without any adverse distinction based, in particular, on race, religion, or political opinion. However, this provision does not prejudice any provisions relating to the state of health, age and sex of protected persons.
Protection of protected persons entails the following:
- All protected persons shall be treated equally without adverse distinction based on race, religion, or political opinion. 
South Africa, Advanced Law of Armed Conflict Teaching Manual, School of Military Justice, 1 April 2008, as amended to 25 October 2013, Learning Unit 2, pp. 112, 116–117 and 124.