Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996) states: “If persons identified as civilians engage the armed forces, then they are regarded as unlawful combatants and may be treated under law as criminals.”
South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996) contains a rule identical to that in Article 50(1) of the 1977 Additional Protocol I.
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) states: “In cases of doubt as to whether a person is a civilian or not, that person shall be considered to be a civilian.”