Practice Relating to Rule 52. Pillage
South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996) provides that pillage and stealing of civilian property are forbidden.
It also states that pillage is a grave breach of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and a war crime.
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) states: “Pillage [and] stealing … civilian property are … forbidden.”
The manual also provides that pillage is a grave breach of the law of armed conflict and a war crime.
South Africa’s ICC Act (2002) reproduces the war crimes listed in the 1998 ICC Statute, including “pillaging a town or place, even when taken by assault” in both international and non-international armed conflicts.