Related Rule
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 52. Pillage
South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996) provides that pillage and stealing of civilian property are forbidden. 
South Africa, Presentation on the South African Approach to International Humanitarian Law, Appendix A, Chapter 4: International Humanitarian Law (The Law of Armed Conflict), National Defence Force, 1996, § 28(f).
It also states that pillage is a grave breach of the 1949 Geneva Conventions and a war crime. 
South Africa, Presentation on the South African Approach to International Humanitarian Law, Appendix A, Chapter 4: International Humanitarian Law (The Law of Armed Conflict), National Defence Force, 1996, §§ 39(h) and 41.
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) states: “Pillage [and] stealing … civilian property are … forbidden.” 
South Africa, Revised Civic Education Manual, South African National Defence Force, 2004, Chapter 4, § 50(f).
The manual also provides that pillage is a grave breach of the law of armed conflict and a war crime. 
South Africa, Revised Civic Education Manual, South African National Defence Force, 2004, Chapter 4, §§ 61 and 57.
South Africa’s ICC Act (2002) reproduces the war crimes listed in the 1998 ICC Statute, including “pillaging a town or place, even when taken by assault” in both international and non-international armed conflicts. 
South Africa, ICC Act, 2002, Schedule 1, Part 3, §§ (b)(xvi) and (e)(v).