Practice Relating to Rule 42. Works and Installations Containing Dangerous Forces
South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996) provides:
The LOAC grants particular protection to the following categories of persons and targets which are termed “protected targets” … Protected places include the following: … installations containing dangerous forces (e.g. dams and nuclear electrical power stations).
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) states: “Protected places include … installations containing dangerous forces (e.g. dams and nuclear electrical power stations).”
The manual also provides that “[a]ny unlawful attack on a clearly recognised … work or installation containing dangerous forces” is a grave breach of the law of armed conflict and a war crime.