Related Rule
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 31. Humanitarian Relief Personnel
South Africa’s ICC Act (2002) reproduces the war crimes listed in the 1998 ICC Statute, including in both international and non-international armed conflicts: “attacking personnel … involved in a humanitarian assistance … mission … as long as they are entitled to the protection given to civilians … under the international law of armed conflict”. 
South Africa, ICC Act, 2002, Schedule 1, Part 3, §§ (b)(iii) and (e)(iii).
In 2000, during a debate in the UN Security Council on the protection of UN and associated personnel and humanitarian personnel in conflict zones, the representative of South Africa stated: “The primary responsibility for the protection of United Nations and humanitarian personnel lies with the host Government”. However, he added: “Non-state parties should similarly protect such personnel, in line with the provisions of international humanitarian law.” 
South Africa, Statement before the UN Security Council, UN Doc. S/PV.4100 (Resumption 1), 9 February 2000, p. 4.