Practice Relating to Rule 146. Reprisals against Protected Persons
Section A. Captured combatants and prisoners of war
South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996) states: “Soldiers who have surrendered or who are in the control of the enemy cannot be made the object of reprisal and must be protected.” It further provides: “Reprisals against the persons and property of prisoners of war … are prohibited.”
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) states: “Soldiers who have surrendered or who are in the control of the enemy cannot be made the object of reprisal”.
The manual also prohibits reprisals against the persons or property of prisoners of war.
South Africa’s LOAC Teaching Manual (2008) states:
Fundamental Norms and Values (rules)
The fundamental norms/val[u]es which underlie the LOAC [law of armed conflict] are:
- Captured combatants and civilians under the authority of an adverse party are entitled to respect for their lives, dignity, personal rights and convictions. They must be protected against all acts of violence and retaliation.
The manual also states:
- The LOAC prohibits reprisals against the following:
- POW [prisoners of war][.]