Related Rule
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 145. Reprisals
Section D. Order at the highest authority of government
South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996) states: “Reprisals are only permitted according to strict criteria. Decisions must be made at the highest level. Soldiers cannot take reprisals at their own initiative.” 
South Africa, Presentation on the South African Approach to International Humanitarian Law, Appendix A, Chapter 4: International Humanitarian Law (The Law of Armed Conflict), National Defence Force, 1996, § 34(e).
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) states: “Decisions [of resorting to reprisals] must be made at the highest level. Soldiers cannot take reprisals at their own initiative.” 
South Africa, Revised Civic Education Manual, South African National Defence Force, 2004, Chapter 4, § 56(e).