Related Rule
South Africa
Practice Relating to Rule 113. Treatment of the Dead
According to South Africa’s LOAC Manual (1996), “maltreatment of dead bodies” is a grave breach. 
South Africa, Presentation on the South African Approach to International Humanitarian Law, Appendix A, Chapter 4: International Humanitarian Law (The Law of Armed Conflict), National Defence Force, 1996, § 39(c).
South Africa’s Revised Civic Education Manual (2004) provides that the “[m]altreatment of dead bodies” is a grave breach of the law of armed conflict and a war crime. 
South Africa, Revised Civic Education Manual, South African National Defence Force, 2004, Chapter 4, §§ 61(c) and 57.