Related Rule
Viet Nam
Practice Relating to Rule 89. Violence to Life
Viet Nam’s Penal Code (1990) provides for the punishment of anyone who, in time of war, orders or directly commits the killing of civilians, the wounded or prisoners of war. 
Viet Nam, Penal Code, 1990, Article 279.
The Code also punishes “anyone who, in time of peace or in time of war, commits acts resulting in mass extermination of the population of an area”. 
Viet Nam, Penal Code, 1990, Article 278.
Viet Nam’s Penal Code (1999) provides for the punishment of those “who, in time of war, give the order for or directly undertake the murder of civilians, wounded persons [or] prisoners of war”. 
Viet Nam, Penal Code, 1999, § 343; see also § 342 (killing as part of a genocide campaign).
The Code also provides for the punishment of those “who, in time of peace or time of war, commit acts of annihilating en-masse the population of an area”. 
Viet Nam, Penal Code, 1999, § 342.