Related Rule
Ukraine
Practice Relating to Rule 73. Biological Weapons
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states that the use of “bacteriological (biological) and toxin weapons” as a means of warfare is prohibited. 
Ukraine, Manual on the Application of IHL Rules, Ministry of Defence, 11 September 2004, § 1.3.3.
Under Ukraine’s Criminal Code (2001), “the use of weapons of mass destruction prohibited by international instruments consented to be binding by the [parliament] of Ukraine” is a war crime. 
Ukraine, Criminal Code, 2001, Article 439(1).
In the preliminary stages of the First Review Conference of States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention in 1980, Ukraine stated that “the Ukrainian SSR is fully complying with its obligations under articles I, II, III, IV, V and X of the [1972 Biological Weapons Convention], taking into account the relevant parts of the preamble to the Convention”. 
Ukraine, Response to the request by the Preparatory Committee for the First Review Conference of States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention, Geneva, 3–21 March 1980, excerpted in UN Doc. BWC/CONF.I/4, 20 February 1980, § 50; see also Statement of 6 March 1980 at the First Review Conference of States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention, Geneva, 3–21 March 1980, UN Doc. BWC/CONF.I/SR.4, 7 March 1980, § 8.
In 1994, during a debate in the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, Ukraine stated that it wanted to “rid the densely populated European continent, as well as other regions, of these deadly weapons by the beginning of next century”. 
Ukraine, Statement before the First Committee of the UN General Assembly, UN Doc. A/C.1/49/PV.7, 20 October 1994, p. 17.
At the Fifth Review Conference of States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention in 2001, Ukraine stated that it “fully complies with its obligations under the Convention and has never had the intention to develop, produce, stockpile or acquire in any way the biological weapons, equipment or means of its delivery”. 
Ukraine, Statement of 20 November 2001 at the Fifth Review Conference of States Parties to the Biological Weapons Convention, Geneva, 19 November–7 December 2001.