Related Rule
Ukraine
Practice Relating to Rule 156. Definition of War Crimes
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
Serious violations of the laws of war are war crimes.
Serious violations of international humanitarian law include:
- serious violations directed against people;
- serious violations directed against property;
- serious violations committed by means of perfidious use of internationally recognized distinctive emblems (insignia) and signals. 
Ukraine, Manual on the Application of IHL Rules, Ministry of Defence, 11 September 2004, § 1.8.4.