Related Rule
Ukraine
Practice Relating to Rule 135. Children
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
As concerns children, international humanitarian law envisages the following:
- the special protection to children who have not attained the age of fifteen years shall remain applicable to them even if they took a direct part in hostilities and are captured. 
Ukraine, Manual on the Application of IHL Rules, Ministry of Defence, 11 September 2004, § 1.4.11.
In 2008, in its first periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the 2000 Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, Ukraine stated:
The State is taking all feasible measures to ensure the protection of the rights of children in zones affected by military operation or armed conflict, and their care, giving them financial, medical and other kinds of assistance. 
Ukraine, First periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 29 October 2009, UN Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/UKR/1, submitted 31 July 2008, § 15.
Ukraine also stated:
Ukraine is concerned by the massive impact that armed conflict has on children and … on the initiative of the Government of Ukraine, three groups of Iraqi children (109 individuals) who were living in a zone of armed conflict were offered medical services and social rehabilitation from September to November 2004. The case received broad media coverage, won public support and helped improve the international image of Ukraine. 
Ukraine, First periodic report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child under the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict, 29 October 2009, UN Doc. CRC/C/OPAC/UKR/1, submitted 31 July 2008, § 21.
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states: “As concerns children, international humanitarian law envisages the following: … the right of children to receive an education shall be guaranteed”. 
Ukraine, Manual on the Application of IHL Rules, Ministry of Defence, 11 September 2004, § 1.4.11.
Ukraine’s IHL Manual (2004) states:
As concerns children, international humanitarian law envisages the following:
- evacuation of children from the area in which hostilities are taking place shall be organized (if necessary and with the consent of their parents or persons who substitute them). 
Ukraine, Manual on the Application of IHL Rules, Ministry of Defence, 11 September 2004, § 1.4.11.
In 2008, in its third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, Ukraine stated:
Protection of children in armed conflict (article 38 [of the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child]), including physical and psychological recovery and social reintegration (article 39)
140. There are no armed conflicts in the territory of Ukraine. Accordingly, issues related to the physical and psychological rehabilitation of children in armed conflict areas are not relevant to the country. I[n] the event that refugee children in Ukraine have participated in armed conflicts in the territory of their country of permanent residence, such children, if necessary, are provided with appropriate psychological and social assistance in family support centres or centres for social and psychological rehabilitation. 
Ukraine, Third and fourth periodic reports to the Committee on the Rights of the Child, 3 March 2010, UN Doc. CRC/C/UKR/3-4, submitted 26 September 2008, § 140.