Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 97. Human Shields
Tajikistan’s Criminal Code (1998) punishes the “use of [protected persons] to cover the troops or objects from hostilities”. 
Tajikistan, Criminal Code, 1998, Article 405.
In a statement in February 1996, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Tajikistan denounced the opposition’s use of prisoners as human shields. According to the statement, opposition forces hid behind a “living shield” of members of government forces, compelling the command of the armed forces of Tajikistan to abandon positions in order to avoid unjustified loss of life among military personnel. Such practice was qualified as a flagrant violation of the 1949 Geneva Conventions. 
Tajikistan, Statement of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, annexed to Letter dated 9 January 1996 to the UN Secretary-General, UN Doc. S/1996/95, 8 February 1996.