Related Rule
Tajikistan
Practice Relating to Rule 139. Respect for International Humanitarian Law
Tajikistan’s Resolution Establishing the Commission on IHL Implementation (1999) states:
With a view [to implement] the international legal obligations of the Republic of Tajikistan arising from the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and the Additional Protocols thereto of 8 June 1977 ratified by the Republic of Tajikistan on 13 January 1993 … the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan decrees:
1. … The Commission for the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan shall be set up. 
Tajikistan, Resolution Establishing the Commission for IHL Implementation, 1999, Preamble and Article 1.
Tajikistan’s Regulations of the Commission on IHL Implementation (1999) states:
1. The Commission for the implementation of international humanitarian law under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan (hereinafter – the Commission) shall be a standing inter[-]departmental advisory body that was created in order to coordinate the activities of ministries, state committees, agencies and executive authorities, enterprises, institutions and organizations (hereinafter – the authorities concerned) for the implementation of international obligations of the Republic of Tajikistan arising out of the Geneva conventions of 12 August 1949, and the Additional Protocols of 8 June 1977 and other international instruments in the field of international humanitarian law.
3. The main task of the Commission shall be to promote the implementation of international obligations of the Republic of Tajikistan in the field of international humanitarian law (hereinafter – IHL).
4. In order to fulfill the main task, the Commission shall have the following functions:
- Promoting the harmonization of the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan in accordance with the provisions of international treaties in the field of international humanitarian law, to which the Republic of Tajikistan is a State party;
- Providing assistance in the prescribed manner in the ratification by the Republic of IHL treaties or accession to such treaties;
- Providing assistance in the effective implementation of relevant provisions of IHL treaties;
- Studying and assessing of the national legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan regarding its compliance with IHL;
- Preparing proposals for the implementation of IHL in the legislation of the Republic of Tajikistan;
- Evaluating the participation of the Republic of Tajikistan in the Geneva Conventions of 1949 and the Additional Protocols thereto of 1977 and other international instruments in the field of international humanitarian law. 
Tajikistan, Regulations of the Commission on IHL Implementation, 1999, Articles 1 and 3–4.
In 2008, in its report to the UN Secretary-General on the status of the 1977 Additional Protocols, Tajikistan stated:
1. The Republic of Tajikistan takes the view that the rules of international humanitarian law must be strictly observed. A number of activities are pursued in the Republic in this [regard].
2. Since 2 June 1999 the Republic has had a Governmental Commission on the implementation of international humanitarian law, chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister (who is responsible for the military and for the law enforcement authorities). This Commission is a permanent consultative inter-agency body, and was established to coordinate the activities of ministries, State committees and departments, local government authorities, enterprises, institutions and organizations in performing the international legal obligations of the Republic arising from the 1949 Geneva Conventions, the 1977 Additional Protocols to those Conventions and other international treaties in the field of international humanitarian law.
The Commission’s principal duty is to further compliance with the international legal obligations of the Republic of Tajikistan relating to international humanitarian law. 
Tajikistan, Report on the Status of the 1977 Protocols Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 1949, 14 October 2008, §§ 1–2.
Tajikistan’s Manual of Internal Service of the Armed Forces (2001) states:
The military serviceman is obliged to know and observe undeviatingly the Law of Armed Conflict and international rules on the conduct of hostilities, including the rules on the treatment of the wounded, sick and the civilian population in the area of hostilities as well as of prisoners of war. 
Tajikistan, Manual of Internal Service of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Tajikistan, endorsed by the Decree of the Madjilsi Namoyandagon of Madjlisi Oli [Parliament] of the Republic of Tajikistan No. 273 of 4 April 2001 and promulgated by the Order of the Minister of Defence of the Republic of Tajikistan No. 3 of 2 May 2001, § 19.
Tajikistan’s Order of the Ministry of Interior on Measures to Comply with the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols (1996) states:
The heads of departments and [services] of the Office of the [Ministry of Interior] of the Republic of Tajikistan [and] the commanders of military units shall, in time of warfare, be strictly guided by the norms and principles of international humanitarian law, which are contained in:
1. The Geneva Conventions on the protection of war victims of 12 August 1949:
- For the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in [Armed Forces] in the Field;
- For the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea;
- [Relative to] the Treatment of Prisoners of War;
- [Relative to] the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War.
2. [1977] Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I);
3. [1977] Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II). 
Tajikistan, Order of the Ministry of Interior on Measures to Comply with the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, 1996, Article I.
Tajikistan’s Order of the Minister of Defence on Measures to Comply with the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols (1996) states:
The Heads of Departments, independent departments and services of the Ministry of Defence of the Republic of Tajikistan, [and] the commanders of … military units shall, in time of warfare, be strictly guided by the norms and principles of international humanitarian law, which are contained in:
- the Geneva Conventions on the protection of war victims of 12 August 1949:
- For the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in Armed Forces in the Field;
- For the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea;
- Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War;
- Relative to the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War.
- 1977 Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I);
- 1977 Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II). 
Tajikistan, Order of the Minister of Defence on Measures to Comply with the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, 1996, Article I.
Tajikistan’s Order of the Committee for State Border Protection on Measures to Comply with the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols (1998) states:
The Head of Department, independent departments and services of the [Committee for State Border Protection] under the Government of Tajikistan, [and] the commanders of … military units in time of warfare shall be strictly guided by the norms and principles of international humanitarian law, which are contained in:
1. The Geneva Conventions on the protection of war victims of 12 August 1949:
- For the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded and Sick in [Armed Forces] in the Field;
- For the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea;
- [Relative to] the Treatment of Prisoners of War;
- [Relative to] the Protection of Civilian Persons in Time of War.
2. [1977] Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, and Relating to the Protection of Victims of International Armed Conflicts (Protocol I);
3. [1977] Protocol Additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 relating to the Protection of Victims of Non-International Armed Conflicts (Protocol II). 
Tajikistan, Order of the Committee for State Border Protection on Measures to Comply with the Geneva Conventions and their Additional Protocols, 1998, Article I.