Related Rule
Togo
Practice Relating to Rule 6. Civilians’ Loss of Protection from Attack
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states: “Civilian persons may only be attacked when they participate directly in hostilities.” 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 4.