Related Rule
Practice Relating to Rule 57. Ruses of War
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states:
In order to conceal his intentions and actions from the enemy to induce him to react in a way detrimental to his interests, a military commander is permitted to use ruse … A ruse of war aims to: mislead the enemy [and] to induce the enemy to act recklessly. 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 13.