Related Rule
Togo
Practice Relating to Rule 5. Definition of Civilians
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) defines civilians as “persons who are not members of the armed forces, volunteer corps or resistance movements, and who do not take part in a levée en masse; that is to say the civilian population: men, women and children, journalists on a dangerous mission”. 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule I, p. 13.