Related Rule
Togo
Practice Relating to Rule 45. Causing Serious Damage to the Natural Environment
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states that it is prohibited “to use means and methods of warfare which are likely to cause widespread, long-term and severe damage to the natural environment”. 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 12.