Related Rule
Togo
Practice Relating to Rule 15. The Principle of Precautions in Attack
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states: “Constant care shall be taken to spare the civilian population and civilian objects.” 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 11.
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states: “Precautions must be taken when planning military operations in order to avoid civilian losses and damage to civilian objects or to minimize such losses and damage when they are unavoidable.” 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 8; see also Fascicule II, p. 6.
Togo’s Military Manual (1996) states: “Military commanders must inform themselves about concentrations of civilian persons, important civilian objects and specially protected facilities, the natural environment and the civilian environment of military objectives.” 
Togo, Le Droit de la Guerre, III fascicules, Etat-major Général des Forces Armées Togolaises, Ministère de la Défense nationale, 1996, Fascicule III, p. 12.